Skip to main content

Intelligence Gathering & Jujutsu - Part 3 - When does the war in the Pacific start for the Japanese?

Before we look at the activities of the Japanese in the first half of the twentieth century on a covert level, we must obtain some context by looking at the overt activities of the Japanese Empire.

From the restoration of the Emperor Meiji in 1868, Japan embarked on a rapid process of modernisation and militarisation.  By 1920 it had the third largest Navy in the world.

When we consider war in the Pacific we tend to focus on either the invasion of China in 1937 or the bombing of Pearl Harbour in 1942, however Japan's military activities in the region stretch back much further in time.

Japan's war in the Pacific essentially starts with the restoration of the Emperor Meiji in 1868.

Meiji Restoration

Start of the Empire of Japan

Imperial Navy Established (Dominated by Satsuma)

Conscription Introduced

Imperial Army Established (Dominated by Choshu)

First Sino-Japanese War
Japanese Invasion of Taiwan

Boxer Rebellion
Russo-Japanese War
Protection/annexation of Korea
World War I
Siberian Intervention
Japanese Invasion of Manchuria
Second Sino-Japanese War
Invasion of French Indochina

World War II (Pacific)
End of the Empire of Japan

Map By Original Author: User:San JoseDerivative Author: Dead Mary - This file was derived from:  Second world war asia 1937-1942 map de.png, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Popular posts from this blog

Spear (Yari) in Owari Kan Ryu 尾張貫流 (Kudayari & others)

Owari Kan ryū is known for its use of the kuda-yari (tube spear). The e (shaft) is run through a kuda (metal pipe) that’s in the front hand of the practitioner.  Interestingly the school’s students start training by doing shiai (competition) and only after considerable training they learn the school's kata (forms). Most classical schools that practice shiai do so after learning kata. Thrusting using the kuda. Cross-stepping.                           Thrusting attack with kuda. Wide stance.   Shiai. Shiai using a spear with a cross piece. The original demonstration from which these stills were taken is here:

The Structure of the Tenshinshoden Katori Shinto Ryu Syllabus

It should be noted that the current head, Otake Risuke, has commented that not all of the parts of Tenshinsho-den Katori Shinto Ryu survive.  I recall his comments in various documentaries that Archery was once a component, and only some of the spear survives. Through various sources, mostly Otake's book, I have put together this brief outline of their syllabus, however I have little idea of the exact stage each is taught except that I believe the students start with Omote no Tachi.  I will use this as the basis for further posts and may add to it over time. I believe their are important implications when Otake says that one of the main reasons for training all the weapons is to train the swordsman against them. Note in this section in brackets are my own comments and should therefore not be relied upon, those from the written work of Otake are clearly marked. Tenshinsho-den Katori Shinto Ryu -Kenjutsu (Otake lists Tachi, Ryuto and Kodachi under Kenjustsu) --Tachi (Use of the singl

Kendo Shinai Weights & Measures

As a note the recommended length and weight for shinai are: - Women 38 inches 440 grams. - Men 39 inches 510 grams. The Wikipedia shinai page lists the following tables: Regulations In  kendo  competitions that follow the FIK rules, there are regulated weights and lengths for the use of  shinai .  Table A. FIK Specifications for competition use of one Shinai (Itto). Specification Gender Junior High School (12–15 yrs) Senior High School (15–18 yrs) University students and Adults (18yrs+) Maximum length Male & female 114cm 117cm 120cm Minimum weight Male 440g 480g 510g Female 400g 420g 440g Minimum diameter of sakigawa Male 25mm 26mm 26mm Female 24mm 25mm 25mm Minimum length of sakigawa Male and Female 50mm 50mm 50mm Shinai  are weighed complete with leather fittings, but without  tsuba  or  tsuba-dome . The full length is measured. Maximum diameter of the  tsuba  is 9cm. Table B. FIK Specifications for competition use of two Shinai (Nito). Specification Gender Daito (long shinai) Sh